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¿Qué significa el fin de DACA para usted?

El gobierno anunció su decisión de eliminar el programa conocido como Acción Diferida por los Llegados en la Infancia (DACA). Desafortunadamente, la decisión de hoy afectará a muchos individuos, familias y empleadores. DACA está llegando a su fin. Aquí está lo que debe saber:

 

  1. Si actualmente tiene DACA, su autorización es válida hasta la fecha de vencimiento, a menos que sea terminada o revocada.

 

  1. Una vez que se venza su permiso de DACA y permiso de trabajo, volverá al mismo estado que tenía antes de recibir DACA. Eso significa que usted estará en los Estados Unidos con presencia ilegal y ya no será elegible para trabajar bajo DACA.

 

  1. Si presentó una solicitud inicial de DACA y está actualmente pendiente, USCIS todavía va considerar su caso. El Servicio de Ciudadanía e Inmigración de los Estados Unidos (USCIS) no aceptará ninguna solicitud inicial de DACA después del 5 de septiembre de 2017.

 

  1. Si su permiso de DACA y su permiso de trabajo se vencen entre el 5 de septiembre de 2017 y el 5 de marzo de 2018, usted puede renovar sus solicitudes siempre y cuando lo haga antes del 5 de octubre de 2017.

 

  1. USCIS rechazará todas las solicitudes de renovación de DACA presentadas después del 5 de octubre de 2017.

 

  1. Si un beneficiario de DACA actualmente tiene un permiso de viaje aprobado por USCIS aún es válido hasta la fecha de vencimiento. Sin embargo, la decisión de dejar a una persona entrar a los EEUU queda a la discreción del oficial de La Oficina de Aduanas y Protección Fronteriza de los Estados Unidos (CBP).

 

  1. Los beneficiarios de DACA ya no serán elegibles para solicitar un permiso para viajar.

 

  1. Si actualmente tiene una solicitud para viajar pendiente, USCIS le cerrara el caso. USCIS debe reembolsarle todos los costos asociados con la solicitud.

 

  1. ¿Voy a ser deportado cuando se me venza mi permiso de DACA? No necesariamente. Depende de cada caso, su historial migratorio y sus antecedentes penales. Recuerde que tiene derechos en los Estados Unidos. Puede ser que califique para otro beneficio migratorio. Debe de consultar con un abogado de inmigración para saber cuáles son sus opciones.

 

  1. Si usted es ciudadano de los Estados Unidos y desea ayudar a alguien afectado por esta decisión, debe ponerse en contacto con el Congreso de los EEUU y hágales saber lo importante que es que ellos aprueben una ley migratoria.

DACA is Coming to an End – What Does That Mean for You?

It was announced today that Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) will be rescinded. Today’s decision will unfortunately affect a lot of individuals, families, and employers. DACA is coming to an end. Here is what you need to know:

  1. If you currently have DACA, your authorization is valid until the expiration date, unless terminated or revoked.

 

  1. Once your DACA and Employment Authorization Document (EAD) expire, you will return to the same status you had before receiving DACA. That means you will be in the United States with unlawful presence and you will no longer be eligible to work under DACA.

 

  1. If you filed an initial DACA request and it is currently pending, USCIS will adjudicate the request. United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will not accept any initial DACA requests after September 5, 2017.

 

  1. If your DACA and EAD are set to expire between September 5, 2017 and March 5, 2018, you may renew your applications as long as you do so before October 5, 2017.

 

  1. USCIS will reject all DACA renewal requests filed after October 5, 2017.

 

  1. If a DACA recipient currently has a valid advance parole travel permit, it is still valid until the expiration date. However, it is still at the discretion of the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer to allow the individual back into the United States.

 

  1. DACA recipients will no longer be eligible to request an application for advance parole.

 

  1. If you currently have an application for advance parole pending, USCIS will administratively close it. According to USCIS, it will refund all associated costs.

 

  1. Will an individual be removed from the United States once his or her DACA expires? It depends on many factors. Individuals in the United States have rights. The person may be eligible for another form of relief so it is advisable that the person consult with an immigration attorney.

 

  1. If you are a U.S. citizen and you want to help someone who is affected by this decision, you can help by being proactive and contacting Congress. Let them know how it important it is for them to pass comprehensive legislation.

 

SB4: What does the law do?

What is a law called when it causes fear among immigrant communities, authorizes campus police officers to ask about a student’s immigration status, criminally and civilly penalizes local authorities if they fail comply with an immigration detainer, and allows citizens to file a complaint against local authorities for failure to comply with the law? Is it overly ambitious and discriminatory or necessary for public safety?

The Texas law known as SB4, which passed on May 7, 2017, will go into effect on September 1, 2017. The law authorizes higher education campus police departments and certain local government entities to inquire as to the legal status of an individual who is under a lawful detention or under arrest. What is lawful detention? Pursuant to section 752.051(4), lawful detention is defined as the detention of an individual by a local entity, state criminal justice agency, or campus police department for the investigation of a criminal offense.

Additionally, local entities must assist or cooperate with federal immigration officers including providing enforcement assistance. However, the law does not apply in certain places such as hospitals, school districts, open-enrollment charter schools, public health departments, community centers, or local mental health authorities. Further, the law precludes campus police departments or local entities from inquiring as to the legal status of victims, witnesses, or individuals reporting an offense, as long as they are not under investigation for a criminal offense.

If the campus police department or local entity fail to comply with the law, they can be penalized. An elected official may be removed from his or her position for failing to adhere to the law. Also, if a sheriff, chief of police, constable, or a person who otherwise has primary authority for administering a jail intentionally fails to follow the law, he or she can be charged with a criminal offense.

If a Texas resident believes the law is not being followed, the resident can file a complaint. Section 752.055 states that a citizen may file a complaint with the attorney general if the citizen asserts facts that the campus police department or local entity is not complying with the regulations under SB4. The citizen must include a sworn statement stating that to the best of the citizen’s knowledge, all facts asserted in the complaint are true and correct.

Overall, the law is controversial. The law has a strong undertone of racism despite it’s attempt at addressing discriminatory issues. Section 752.054 of the law states: a local entity, campus police department…may not consider race, color, religion, language, or national origin while enforcing immigration laws except to the extent permitted by the United States Constitution or Texas Constitution. How will the law be implemented without appearing discriminatory? Who will be asked about their immigration status? Will the campus police officer ask every detained individual if they are in the United States lawfully? The officer may ask the person where they were born, but that is not always indicative of the person’s immigration status in the United States. What does an undocumented person look like? Will the inquiring officer be trained in assessing an individual’s immigration status?

Laws are meant to protect people and make communities feel safer. How can a law that stirs fear in communities and punishes governing agencies be good for a state and its residents?

Mexican Consulates Now Issuing Birth Certificates/Consulados de México Ahora Expidiendo Certificados de Nacimiento

Yesterday, the Consulates of Mexico in the United States began a new program. They will now be able to issue copies of birth certificates registered in Mexico. To obtain a certified copy, Mexican nationals should go to the nearest consulate and present an official proof of identity, fill out an application, and provide their Clave Única de Registro de Población (CURP) – if available. Each certified copy will cost $13.00 dollars.

Ayer los Consulados de México en los Estados Unidos iniciaron un nuevo programa. Ahora los consulados podrán emitir copias certificadas de acatas de nacimiento generadas en territorio nacional. Para solicitar una copia certificada, la persona debe presentarse en una oficina consular y presentar una identificación oficial que acredite que es el titular del acta de nacimiento. También debe llenar una solicitud y presentar su Clave Única de Registro de Población (CURP) – si esta disponible. Cada copia del acta de nacimiento va costar $13.00 USD.

 

LINKS

Mexican Consulates in the United States

Consulado General de México en Dallas

TPS Extended for El Salvador

It’s that time again: re-registration for Temporary Protected Status (TPS). United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has extended TPS for El Salvador. TPS El Salvador beneficiaries can now apply to re-register. The re-registration period began January 7, 2015 and will run through March 9, 2015. Failure to re-register may have severe immigration consequences, so best to re-register as soon as possible.

Additionally, certain individuals who have never applied for TPS but qualify may be eligible to apply for late initial filing for TPS.

LINKS

USCIS TPS El Salvador (English)

USCIS TPS El Salvador (Español)

The Fight Against Obama’s Executive Action

On November 20, 2014, President Obama announced his executive order, which will bring relief to many undocumented individuals in the United States. Many see Obama’s executive order as a step in the right direction. However, many others don’t see it that way. This past week seventeen states filed a federal lawsuit against President Obama arguing that he violated the “Take Care Clause” of the U.S. Constitution and that the executive order unlawfully placed new burdens on state budgets. The man leading the lawsuit is Attorney General Greg Abbott of Texas, who will take his position as governor of Texas in January. The White House responded to the suit by arguing that President Obama’s executive actions are within his legal authority.

The lawsuit is not surprising. In 2012, when Obama initially announced his executive action for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), he was met with criticism. Legal experts argued that President Obama’s executive action was within his legal authority. Subsequently, Kris Kobach filed a lawsuit arguing that DACA was an abuse of authority. His lawsuit was dismissed on procedural grounds.

President Obama’s executive actions will allow certain parents of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents to seek deferred action. Deferred action is not a pathway to lawful permanent residency or citizenship. It is merely a discretionary determination to defer a removal action of an individual. Deferred action allows individuals to remain in the United States without fear of removal as long as they fulfill  certain requirements. It also allows them to seek employment authorization.

Parents aren’t the only ones who will benefit from the executive order. Individuals who previously failed to qualify for DACA because they were 31 years of age or older on June 15, 2012 will now be able to qualify for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). The executive action will also allow individuals who have a lawful permanent resident spouse or parent to apply for a provisional waiver in the United States. These can be considered small victories that will help a lot of families in the United States.

As the states battle with the federal government, one thing remains the same: Obama’s executive order does not solve our broken immigration system. The executive and legislative branches know this. The battle for immigration reform has dragged on for years and will most likely continue through 2015. But at least for now,  Obama’s executive actions will allow many families to breathe a little easier.

LINKS

17 States Suing on Immigration, NYT

Texas Leads Multistate Coalition in Lawsuit Over Obama Immigration Order, Huffington Post 

17 States Sue to Block Obama Immigration Order, Politico

Memorandum Opinion for the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Counsel to the President 

Executive Actions on Immigration, USCIS

Law Professors Push White House to Grant Administrative Relief to DREAMers

President Obama’s Executive Action: The Facts

Tonight, millions of undocumented parents are able to breathe a little easier thanks to President Obama’s executive action. Parents are not the only ones who will benefit. The new memorandum has also expanded the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program to include individuals who previously failed to meet certain requirements. Below are the facts of what we know so far:

PARENTS

  1. Must have continuously resided in the U.S. since before January 1, 2010;
  2. Must be a parent of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident;
  3. Must be physically present in the United States on November 20, 2014 and at the time of requesting deferred action;
  4. Must have no lawful status on November 20, 2014;
  5. Must not be an enforcement priority; and
  6. Present no other factors that make will make the approval of deferred action inappropriate.

The individual will be eligible to apply for work authorization. The fee for employment authorization and biometrics fee will be $465.

An individual currently in removal proceedings or with an outstanding order of removal may qualify.

EXPANSION OF DACA

  1. DACA eligible if entered the United States before the age of 16. This means that it does not matter how old you were in June 2012.
  2. DACA will be extended for three years.
  3. DACA initial date of entry will be changed from June 15, 2007 to January 1, 2010.

Money Laundering Without Using Banks

It’s almost the end of the year and it looks as if immigration reform will not happen this year. While we wait for change, I will try to post more updates and stories related to immigration and international law.

It seems that the Mexican drug cartels are getting creative in ways to launder their money to Mexico. Here’s an interesting article on how they tried to get away with their scheme: “Drugs, Cash, Luxury Goods, and Maternity Wear” by Jamila Trindle.

 

 

Los Mexicanos y NAFTA

El gobierno de los Estados Unidos otorga varias visas temporales. Mexicanos pueden calificar para varias de las visas pero hay una visa específicamente designada para los Mexicanos y los Canadienses. La visa TN fue creada bajo el Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (NAFTA). NAFTA es un acuerdo entre los Estados Unidos, México y Canadá.

La visa TN permite a profesionales de Canadá y México trabajar temporalmente en los EEUU.  Bajo NAFTA hay 63 categorías de profesionales elegibles para la visa TN. Entre la lista de profesionales se encuentran abogados, ingenieros, veterinarios, dentistas, psicólogos, contadores, farmacéuticos, científicos, y profesores. Para calificar la persona necesita enseñar lo siguente: (1) que es ciudadano de México, (2) es un profesional bajo las reglas migratorias, (3) la posición en los EEUU requiere un profesional bajo NAFTA, (4) tiene un trabajo por arreglo de antemano con un empleador de los EEUU y (5) tiene los requerimientos necesarios para ejercer su profesión.

Los Mexicanos y los Canadienses tienen un proceso diferente para obtener la visa TN. EL Mexicano tiene que aplicar directamente con la embajada o consulado de los EEUU en México. Durante el proceso le darán una entrevista y le tomaran sus huellas. Cuando reciba la aprobación de la visa TN entonces puede aplicar para entrar a los EEUU. Para entrar a los EEUU necesita presentar su visa TN, pasaporte y carta del empleador en los EEUU al oficial de la Oficina de Aduana y Protecciones Fronteriza de los Estados Unidos (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, CBP en inglés). El periodo inicial de la visa TN es tres años pero puede pedir una extensión antes de que se le venza la visa.

Con la visa TN su familia puede acompañarlo. Los familiares que califican son los cónyuges y los hijos solteros que tienen menos 21 años de edad. Los familiares pueden estudiar pero no se les permite trabajar en los EEUU como dependientes de la visa TN.

La visa TN es una visa temporal. Eso indica que la intención del solicitante al momento de aplicar es entrar a los EEUU temporalmente. Le visa TN como otras visas de no inmigrante no les dará la residencia permanente legal.

Antes de aplicar para la visa TN deben asegurar que tienen todo los requisitos y documentos necesarios. Si tienen preguntas sobre la visa TN o preguntas de inmigración se pueden comunicar conmigo por correo electrónico: andrea@chavarrialawfirm.com.

(Siganos en twitter en @ChavarriaLaw)

Undocumented Children/ Niños Indocumentados

English

The Department of Homeland Security is being accused of smuggling children. The accuser is a judge from Texas who wrote an order explaining there have been various cases where agents deliver children who are caught crossing the border illegally. From 2010 to 2012 the percentage of children caught crossing rose 81 percent.

Obama put up the DREAMER Act, which relates to these children who are brought to the U.S. Now the DREAMERS are asking for their parents to not be eligible for deportation. In the sense that deportation is immoral that ends up separating families. 

The judge from Texas said the DHS is breaking the law when it is suppose to enforce it. He said that the parents of these children did not care about the decision of leaving their children behind. But what happens to those lonesome children trying to find their families? They are left with ‘’coyotes’’ that often are members of drug cartels. That is another point that the Texas judge points out on where he accuses these DHS agents to be helping drug cartels in delivering these children. The DHS however is taking in the ‘’coyotes’’ or smugglers into custody but is sending the children to the U.S. destination where their undocumented parents live.

This is a gray line that the DHS is facing. On one hand they are apprehending the smugglers and on the other hand they are sending undocumented children to their undocumented parents. The U.S. carries a heavy load of immigration issues they need to face in this upcoming year.

El Departamento de Seguridad del Territorio Nacional (DHS) está siendo acusado de tráfico de niños. El acusador es un juez de Texas, quien escribió una orden para explicar que ha habido varios casos en los que los agentes juntan los niños  que se ven atrapados cruzando la frontera ilegalmente con los padres indocumentados. Del 2010 a 2012 el porcentaje del cruce de niños  aumentó 81 por ciento.

Barack Obama puso el plan de los ‘’DREAMERS’’ (Soñadores), que se refiere a la situación de esos niños que son llevados a los EE.UU. Ahora los soñadores están pidiendo a sus padres para que no sean elegibles a la deportación. En el sentido que la deportación es inmoral y que termina separando a las familias.

El juez de Texas, dijo que la DHS es rompe la ley cuando se supone  que existe para hacer cumplir la ley. Dijo que los padres de estos niños no se preocupan en absoluto de la decisión de dejar a sus hijos. Pero, ¿qué ocurre con los niños tratando de encontrar a sus familias? Se encuentran con “coyotes” que a menudo son miembros de los carteles de la droga. Esa es otra cuestión que el juez Texano señala en donde él acusa a agentes del DHS de ayudar a los carteles de la droga en la prestación de estos niños. El DHS no obstante está atrapando a los “coyotes” o los contrabandistas pero envian a los niños al lugar de los ESTADOS UNIDOS donde viven sus padres indocumentados.

Esta es una línea gris que el DHS está enfrentando. Por un lado estan atrapando a los  traficantes y por otro lado, están enviando los niños indocumentados a sus padres indocumentados. Los EE.UU. lleva una carga pesada de los problemas de inmigración que necesitan para afrontar en este próximo año.

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/dec/19/border-patrol-helps-smuggle-illegal-immigrant-chil/?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter